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What is Sleep Apnea?

Sleep apnea is a disorder in which breathing stops and starts repeatedly during sleep. It can affect people of any age, but it is more common among adults over 40 years old. People with sleep apnea often wake up feeling tired or unrefreshed due to disrupted sleep caused by their condition. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of this disorder and occurs when the airway becomes blocked while sleeping, leading to pauses in breathing. Central sleep apnea (CSA) also occurs when the brain fails to send signals to the muscles that control breathing, resulting in pauses between breaths as well.
In addition to snoring at night, other symptoms of OSA may include gasping for breath during sleep, daytime fatigue or drowsiness, difficulty concentrating or memory problems, morning headaches and irritability or mood swings throughout the day due to lack of restful sleep. CSA may cause similar symptoms but they tend be less severe than those associated with OSA since there are fewer interruptions in breathing patterns due to CSA being a rarer form of this disorder. If left untreated both forms can have serious consequences on an individual’s health including high blood pressure and heart disease so seeking medical advice from a physician if you suspect you have either type should be done immediately for proper diagnosis and treatment options available .